TPR

Tetratricopeptide repeats
TPR
SMART accession number:SM00028
Description: Repeats present in 4 or more copies in proteins. Contain a minimum of 34 amino acids each and self-associate via a "knobs and holes" mechanism.
Interpro abstract (IPR019734):

The tetratrico peptide repeat region (TPR) is a structural motif present in a wide range of proteins [(PUBMED:7667876), (PUBMED:9482716), (PUBMED:1882418)]. It mediates protein-protein interactions and the assembly of multiprotein complexes [(PUBMED:14659697)]. The TPR motif consists of 3-16 tandem-repeats of 34 amino acids residues, although individual TPR motifs can be dispersed in the protein sequence. Sequence alignment of the TPR domains reveals a consensus sequence defined by a pattern of small and large amino acids. TPR motifs have been identified in various different organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Proteins containing TPRs are involved in a variety of biological processes, such as cell cycle regulation, transcriptional control, mitochondrial and peroxisomal protein transport, neurogenesis and protein folding.

The X-ray structure of a domain containing three TPRs from protein phosphatase 5 revealed that TPR adopts a helix-turn-helix arrangement, with adjacent TPR motifs packing in a parallel fashion, resulting in a spiral of repeating anti-parallel alpha-helices [(PUBMED:14659697)]. The two helices are denoted helix A and helix B. The packing angle between helix A and helix B is ~24 degrees within a single TPR and generates a right-handed superhelical shape. Helix A interacts with helix B and with helix A' of the next TPR. Two protein surfaces are generated: the inner concave surface is contributed to mainly by residue on helices A, and the other surface presents residues from both helices A and B.

GO function:protein binding (GO:0005515)
Family alignment:
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There are 337310 TPR domains in 65471 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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