Zpr1Duplicated domain in the epidermal growth factor- and elongation factor-1alpha-binding protein Zpr1. Also present in archaeal proteins.
|SMART accession number:||SM00709|
|Interpro abstract (IPR004457):|
Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [(PUBMED:10529348), (PUBMED:15963892), (PUBMED:15718139), (PUBMED:17210253), (PUBMED:12665246)]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few [(PUBMED:11179890)]. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target.
This entry represents ZPR1-type zinc finger domains. An orthologous protein found once in each of the completed archaeal genomes corresponds to a zinc finger-containing domain repeated as the N-terminal and C-terminal halves of the mouse protein ZPR1. ZPR1 is an experimentally proven zinc-binding protein that binds the tyrosine kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); binding is inhibited by EGF stimulation and tyrosine phosphorylation, and activation by EGF is followed by some redistribution of ZPR1 to the nucleus. By analogy, other proteins with the ZPR1 zinc finger domain may be regulatory proteins that sense protein phosphorylation state and/or participate in signal transduction (see also IPR004470).
Deficiencies in ZPR1 may contribute to neurodegenerative disorders. ZPR1 appears to be down-regulated in patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a disease characterised by degeneration of the alpha-motor neurons in the spinal cord that can arise from mutations affecting the expression of Survival Motor Neurons (SMN) [(PUBMED:16648254)]. ZPR1 interacts with complexes formed by SMN [(PUBMED:17068332)], and may act as a modifier that effects the severity of SMA.
More information about these proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Zinc Fingers .
|GO function:||zinc ion binding (GO:0008270)|
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