IBR

In Between Ring fingers
IBR
SMART accession number:SM00647
Description: the domains occurs between pairs og RING fingers
Interpro abstract (IPR002867):

Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [(PUBMED:10529348), (PUBMED:15963892), (PUBMED:15718139), (PUBMED:17210253), (PUBMED:12665246)]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few [(PUBMED:11179890)]. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target.

This entry represents a cysteine-rich (C6HC) zinc finger domain that is present in Triad1, and which is conserved in other proteins encoded by various eukaryotes. The C6HC consensus pattern is:


C-x(4)-C-x(14-30)-C-x(1-4)-C-x(4)-C-x(2)-C-x(4)-H-x(4)-C

The C6HC zinc finger motif is the fourth family member of the zinc-binding RING, LIM, and LAP/PHD fingers. Strikingly, in most of the proteins the C6HC domain is flanked by two RING finger structures IPR001841. The novel C6HC motif has been called DRIL (double RING finger linked). The strong conservation of the larger tripartite TRIAD (twoRING fingers and DRIL) structure indicates that the three subdomains are functionally linked and identifies a novel class of proteins [(PUBMED:10422847)].

More information about these proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Zinc Fingers [].

GO function:zinc ion binding (GO:0008270)
Family alignment:
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There are 7943 IBR domains in 4407 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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