WH2

Wiskott Aldrich syndrome homology region 2
WH2
SMART accession number:SM00246
Description: Wiskott Aldrich syndrome homology region 2 / actin-binding motif
Interpro abstract (IPR003124):

The WH2 (WASP-Homology 2, or Wiskott-Aldrich homology 2) domain is an ~18 amino acids actin-binding motif. This domain was first recognised as an essential element for the regulation of the cytoskeleton by the mammalian Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) family. WH2 proteins occur in eukaryotes from yeast to mammals, in insect viruses, and in some bacteria. The WH2 domain is found as a modular part of larger proteins; it can be associated with the WH1 or EVH1 domain IPR000697 and with the CRIB domain IPR000095, and the WH2 domain can occur as a tandem repeat. The WH2 domain binds actin monomers and can facilitate the assembly of actin monomers into newly forming actin filaments [(PUBMED:11434350), (PUBMED:11911886)].

Some proteins known to contain a WH2 domain:

  • Mammalian Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), a possible regulator of lymphocyte and platelet function. Defects in WASP are the cause of Wiskott- Aldrich syndrome (WAS), an X-linked recessive disease characterised by immune dysregulation and microthrombocytopenia. WASP proteins bind the actin nucleating protein complex Arp2/3.
  • Mammalian N-WASP/WASL and WASF/SCAR/WAVE1-3, and yeast LAS17, which are also proteins from the WASP family that participate in the transduction of signals from the cell surface to the actin cytoskeleton.
  • WAS protein family homologue 1 (WASH1), acts as a nucleation-promoting factor at the surface of endosomes, where it recruits and activates the Arp2/3 complex to induce actin polymerisation.
  • Baker's yeast Verprolin, a protein involved in cytoskeletal organisation and cellular growth.
  • Human WASP interacting protein (WASPIP/WIP), a WASP-, profilin- and actin-binding protein which induces actin polymerisation and redistribution.
  • Nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV) P61/78/83 capsid protein, which may be important for the persistence and survival of the virus.
  • Fruit fly Spir(e) protein, an actin nucleation factor involved in the development of oocytes and embryos. Spir is conserved among metazoans.
  • Mammalian metastasis suppressor 1 or Missing in Metastasis (MIM) protein, an actin-binding protein that may be related to cancer progression or tumor metastasis.
GO function:actin binding (GO:0003779)
Family alignment:
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There are 3159 WH2 domains in 2301 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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