DM10

Domains in hypothetical proteins in Drosophila, C. elegans and mammals. Occurs singly in some nucleoside diphosphate kinases.
DM10
SMART accession number:SM00676
Description: -
Interpro abstract (IPR006602):

This entry represents the DM10 domain, which consists of approximately 105 residues whose function is unknown. The DM10 domain has been identified in only two types of proteins: nucleoside diphosphate kinases (which contain a single copy of the DM10 domain) and in an uncharacterised class of proteins (which contain multiple copies of DM10 domains).

The nm23-H7 class of nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDK7; IPR011410) consists of an N-terminal DM10 domain and two functional catalytic NDK domains. In Chlamydomonas, this protein (termed p40) is tightly associated with the flagellar axoneme.

The DM10 domain exists in multiple copies in an uncharacterised class of proteins that includes Chlamydomonas Rib72 and mammalian Efhc1. Rib72 and Efhc1 each contain three repeated copies of the DM10 domain followed by a C-terminal domain containing two EF-hands that are predicted to bind calcium ions. Orthologous proteins are present in many other organisms that contain motile cilia including mouse, rat, Ciona, sea urchin, Leishmania, and trypanosomes. However, no obvious Rib72/Efhc1 relative has been identified in higher plants, or in the Caenorhabditis elegans genome, which encodes only one DM10 domain-containing protein.

In Chlamydomonas, and possibly mammals, DM10 domain-containing proteins are tightly bound to the flagellar doublet microtubules. This suggests that DM10 domains might act as flagellar NDK regulatory modules or as units specifically involved in axonemal targeting or assembly [(PUBMED:16572395)].

DM10 domains are predicted to have the same organisation of secondary structural elements, which includes seven beta strands, with a short 3-4 residue helix after the first strand, and a more extended alpha helical region at the C terminus [(PUBMED:16572395)].

Family alignment:
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There are 1549 DM10 domains in 627 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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