ProRS-C_1

Prolyl-tRNA synthetase, C-terminal
ProRS-C_1
SMART accession number:SM00946
Description: Members of this family are predominantly found in prokaryotic prolyl-tRNA synthetase. They contain a zinc binding site, and adopt a structure consisting of alpha helices and antiparallel beta sheets arranged in 2 layers, in a beta-alpha-beta-alpha-beta motif (PUBMED:12578991).
Interpro abstract (IPR016061):

Proline tRNA ligase (also known as Prolyl tRNA synthetase) (EC 6.1.1.15) exists in two forms, which are loosely related. The first form is present in the majority of eubacteria species. The second one, present in some eubacteria, is essentially present in archaea and eukaryota. Proline-tRNA ligase belongs to class IIa.

This domain is found at the C-terminal in archaeal and eukaryotic enzymes, as well as in certain bacterial ones.

The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (also known as aminoacyl-tRNA ligase) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology [(PUBMED:2203971)]. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric [(PUBMED:10673435)]. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [(PUBMED:8364025)], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [(PUBMED:8274143), (PUBMED:2053131), (PUBMED:1852601)]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. The synthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.

GO process:prolyl-tRNA aminoacylation (GO:0006433)
GO component:cytoplasm (GO:0005737)
GO function:proline-tRNA ligase activity (GO:0004827), nucleotide binding (GO:0000166), ATP binding (GO:0005524)
Family alignment:
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There are 2038 ProRS-C_1 domains in 2038 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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