Secondary literature sources for HTH_GNTR
The following references were automatically generated.
- Peng HL, Yang YH, Deng WL, Chang HY
- Identification and characterization of acoK, a regulatory gene of the Klebsiella pneumoniae acoABCD operon.
- J Bacteriol. 1997; 179: 1497-504
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By using transposon insertional mutagenesis and deletion analyses, a recombinant clone containing the region upstream of the acoABCD operon of Klebsiella pneumoniae was found to be required for acetoin-inducible expression of the operon in Escherichia coli. The nucleotide sequence of the region was determined, and it displayed an open reading frame of 2,763 bp that is transcribed divergently to the acoABCD operon. This gene, designated acoK, is capable of encoding a protein with an overall 58.4% amino acid identity with MalT, the transcriptional activator of the E. coli maltose regulon. A conserved sequence for nucleotide binding at the N-terminal region, as well as a helix-turn-helix motif belonging to the LuxR family of transcriptional regulators at the C terminus, was also identified. Primer extension analysis identified two transcription initiation sites, S1 and S2, located 319 and 267 bp, respectively, upstream of the putative start codon of acoK. Several copies of NtrC recognition sequence [CAC-(N11 to N18)-GTG] were found in the promoter regions of both the acoK gene and the acoABCD operon. Acetoin-dependent expression of the acoABCD operon could be restored in the E. coli acoK mutants by supplying a plasmid carrying an intact acoK, suggesting a transactivating function of the gene product. The AcoK protein overproduced in E. coli was approximately 100 kDa, which is in good agreement with the molecular mass deduced from the nucleotide sequence. A specific DNA binding property and an ATPase activity of the purified AcoK were also demonstrated.
- Sa-Nogueira I, Mota LJ
- Negative regulation of L-arabinose metabolism in Bacillus subtilis: characterization of the araR (araC) gene.
- J Bacteriol. 1997; 179: 1598-608
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The Bacillus subtilis araC locus, mapped at about 294 degrees on the genetic map, was defined by mutations conferring an Ara- phenotype to strains bearing the metabolic araA, araB, and araD wild-type alleles (located at about 256 degrees on the genetic map) and by mutants showing constitutive expression of the three genes. In previous work, it has been postulated that the gene in which these mutations lie exerts its effect on the ara metabolic operon in trans, and this locus was named araC by analogy to the Escherichia coli regulatory gene. Here, we report the cloning and sequencing of the araC locus. This region comprises two open reading frames with divergently arranged promoters, the regulatory gene, araC, encoding a 41-kDa polypeptide, and a partially cloned gene, termed araE, which most probably codes for a permease involved in the transport of L-arabinose. The DNA sequence of araC revealed that its putative product is very similar to a number of bacterial negative regulators (the GalR-LacI family). However, a helix-turn-helix motif was identified in the N-terminal region by its identity to the consensus signature sequence of another group of repressors, the GntR family. The lack of similarity between the predicted primary structure of the product encoded by the B. subtilis regulatory gene and the AraC regulator from E. coli and the apparently different modes of action of these two proteins lead us to propose a new name, araR, for this gene. The araR gene is monocistronic, and the promoter region contains -10 and -35 regions (as determined by primer extension analysis) similar to those recognized by RNA polymerase containing the major vegetative cell sigma factor sigmaA. An insertion-deletion mutation in the araR gene leads to constitutive expression of the L-arabinose metabolic operon. We demonstrate that the araR gene codes for a negative regulator of the ara operon and that the expression of araR is repressed by its own product.
- Tong S, Porco A, Isturiz T, Conway T
- Cloning and molecular genetic characterization of the Escherichia coli gntR, gntK, and gntU genes of GntI, the main system for gluconate metabolism.
- J Bacteriol. 1996; 178: 3260-9
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Three genes involved in gluconate metabolism, gntR, gntK, and gntU, which code for a regulatory protein, a gluconate kinase, and a gluconate transporter, respectively, were cloned from Escherichia coli K-12 on the basis of their known locations on the genomic restriction map. The gene order is gntU, gntK, and gntR, which are immediately adjacent to asd at 77.0 min, and all three genes are transcribed in the counterclockwise direction. The gntR product is 331 amino acids long, with a helix-turn-helix motif typical of a regulatory protein. The gntK gene encodes a 175-amino-acid polypeptide that has an ATP-binding motif similar to those found in other sugar kinases. While GntK does not show significant sequence similarity to any known sugar kinases, it is 45% identical to a second putative gluconate kinase from E. coli,gntV. The 445-amino-acid sequence encoded by gntU has a secondary structure typical of membrane-spanning transport proteins and is 37% identical to the gntP product from Bacillus subtilis. Kinetic analysis of GntU indicates an apparent Km for gluconate of 212 microM, indicating that this is a low-affinity transporter. Studies demonstrate that the gntR gene is monocistronic, while the gntU and gntK genes, which are separated by only 3 bp, form an operon. Expression of gntR is essentially constitutive, while expression of gntKU is induced by gluconate and is subject to fourfold glucose catabolite repression. These results confirm that gntK and gntU, together with another gluconate transport gene, gntT, constitute the GntI system for gluconate utilization, under control of the gntR gene product, which is also responsible for induction of the edd and eda genes of the Entner-Doudoroff pathway.