Secondary literature sources for Integrin_b_cyt
The following references were automatically generated.
- Gushiken FC et al.
- Protein phosphatase 2A negatively regulates integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) signaling.
- J Biol Chem. 2008; 283: 12862-9
- Display abstract
Integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) activation is critical for platelet physiology and is controlled by signal transduction through kinases and phosphatases. Compared with kinases, a role for phosphatases in platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) signaling is less understood. We report that the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) associates constitutively with the integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) in resting platelets and in human embryonal kidney 293 cells expressing alpha(IIb)beta(3). The membrane proximal KVGFFKR sequence within the cytoplasmic domain of integrin alpha(IIb) is sufficient to support a direct interaction with PP2Ac. Fibrinogen binding to alpha(IIb)beta(3) during platelet adhesion decreased integrin-associated PP2A activity and increased the phosphorylation of a PP2A substrate, vasodilator associated phosphoprotein. Overexpression of PP2Ac(alpha) in 293 cells decreased alpha(IIb)beta(3)-mediated adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen. Conversely, small interference RNA mediated knockdown of endogenous PP2Ac(alpha) expression in 293 cells, enhanced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and p38 activation, and accelerated alpha(IIb)beta(3) adhesion to fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor. Inhibition of ERK1/2, but not p38 activation, abolished the increased adhesiveness of PP2Ac (alpha)-depleted 293 cells to fibrinogen. Furthermore, knockdown of PP2A(calpha) expression in bone marrow-derived murine megakaryocytes increased soluble fibrinogen binding induced by protease-activated receptor 4-activating peptide. These studies demonstrate that PP2Ac (alpha) can negatively regulate integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) signaling by suppressing the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.