Secondary literature sources for SecA_PP_bind
The following references were automatically generated.
- Zimmer J, Li W, Rapoport TA
- A novel dimer interface and conformational changes revealed by an X-ray structure of B. subtilis SecA.
- J Mol Biol. 2006; 364: 259-65
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The SecA ATPase moves polypeptides post-translationally across the plasma membrane of eubacteria, but the mechanism of transport is still unclear. We describe the crystal structure of a novel dimeric form of Bacillus subtilis SecA. Dimerization of SecA occurs at the prominent groove formed by the nucleotide binding domain 2 (nbd2) and the preprotein cross-linking (ppx) domain. The dimer interface is very large, burying approximately 5400 A(2) of solvent accessible surface per monomer. Single cysteine disulfide cross-linking shows the presence of this novel SecA dimer in solution. In addition, other dimers also exist in solution, arguing that they all are in equilibrium with monomeric SecA and supporting the idea that the monomer may be the functional species. Dimerization of SecA causes an alpha-helix of one subunit to convert to a short beta-strand that participates in beta-sheet formation with strands in the other subunit. This conversion of secondary structure elements occurs close to the connection between the nbd1 and ppx domains, a potential site of interaction with translocation substrate. Comparing the different X-ray structures of B. subtilis SecA suggests that small changes in the nucleotide binding domains could be amplified via helix 1 of the helical scaffold domain (hsd) to generate larger movements of the domains involved in polypeptide binding.
- Nakatogawa H, Murakami A, Mori H, Ito K
- SecM facilitates translocase function of SecA by localizing its biosynthesis.
- Genes Dev. 2005; 19: 436-44
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"Arrest sequence" of Escherichia coli SecM interacts with the ribosomal exit tunnel and arrests its own translation elongation, which is released by cotranslational export of the nascent SecM chain. This property of SecM is essential for the basal and regulated expression of SecA. Here we report that SecM has an additional role of facilitating SecA activities. Systematic determinations of the SecA-abundance-protein export relationships of cells with different SecA contents revealed that SecA was less functional when SecM was absent from the upstream region of the secM-secA message, when SecM had the arrest-defective mutation, and also when SecM lacked the signal sequence. These results suggest that cotranslational targeting of nascent SecM to the translocon plays previously unrecognized roles of facilitating the formation of functional SecA molecules. Biosynthesis in the vicinity of the membrane and the Sec translocon will be beneficial for this multiconformation ATPase to adopt ready-to-function conformations.
- Fodje MN et al.
- Interplay between an AAA module and an integrin I domain may regulate the function of magnesium chelatase.
- J Mol Biol. 2001; 311: 111-22
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In chlorophyll biosynthesis, insertion of Mg(2+) into protoporphyrin IX is catalysed in an ATP-dependent reaction by a three-subunit (BchI, BchD and BchH) enzyme magnesium chelatase. In this work we present the three-dimensional structure of the ATP-binding subunit BchI. The structure has been solved by the multiple wavelength anomalous dispersion method and refined at 2.1 A resolution to the crystallographic R-factor of 22.2 % (R(free)=24.5 %). It belongs to the chaperone-like "ATPase associated with a variety of cellular activities" (AAA) family of ATPases, with a novel arrangement of domains: the C-terminal helical domain is located behind the nucleotide-binding site, while in other known AAA module structures it is located on the top. Examination by electron microscopy of BchI solutions in the presence of ATP demonstrated that BchI, like other AAA proteins, forms oligomeric ring structures. Analysis of the amino acid sequence of subunit BchD revealed an AAA module at the N-terminal portion of the sequence and an integrin I domain at the C terminus. An acidic, proline-rich region linking these two domains is suggested to contribute to the association of BchI and BchD by binding to a positively charged cleft at the surface of the nucleotide-binding domain of BchI. Analysis of the amino acid sequences of BchI and BchH revealed integrin I domain-binding sequence motifs. These are proposed to bind the integrin I domain of BchD during the functional cycle of magnesium chelatase, linking porphyrin metallation by BchH to ATP hydrolysis by BchI. An integrin I domain and an acidic and proline-rich region have been identified in subunit CobT of cobalt chelatase, clearly demonstrating its homology to BchD. These findings, for the first time, provide an insight into the subunit organisation of magnesium chelatase and the homologous colbalt chelatase.