Preprotein translocase subunit
SMART accession number:SM01323
Description: -
Interpro abstract (IPR003849):

Secretion across the inner membrane in some Gram-negative bacteria occurs via the preprotein translocase pathway. Proteins are produced in the cytoplasm as precursors, and require a chaperone subunit to direct them to the translocase component [ (PUBMED:2202721) ]. From there, the mature proteins are either targeted to the outer membrane, or remain as periplasmic proteins [ (PUBMED:2202721) ]. The translocase protein subunits are encoded on the bacterial chromosome.

The translocase itself comprises 7 proteins, including a chaperone (SecB), ATPase (SecA), an integral membrane complex (SecY, SecE and SecG), and two additional membrane proteins that promote the release of the mature peptide into the periplasm (SecD and SecF) [ (PUBMED:2202721) ]. Other cytoplasmic/periplasmic proteins play a part in preprotein translocase activity, namely YidC and YajC [ (PUBMED:9305629) ]. The latter is bound in a complex to SecD and SecF, and plays a part in stabilising and regulating secretion through the SecYEG integral membrane component via SecA [ (PUBMED:9305629) ].

Homologues of the YajC gene have been found in a range of pathogenic and commensal microbes. Brucella abortis YajC- and SecD-like proteins were shown to stimulate a Th1 cell-mediated immune response in mice, and conferred protection when challenged with B.abortis [ (PUBMED:9826342) ]. Therefore, these proteins may have an antigenic role as well as a secretory one in virulent bacteria [ (PUBMED:9826342) ]. A number of previously uncharacterised "hypothetical" proteins also show similarity to E.coli YajC, suggesting that this family is wider than first thought [ (PUBMED:9826342) ].

More recently, the precise interactions between the E.coli SecYEG complex, SecD, SecF, YajC and YidC have been studied [ (PUBMED:12068816) ]. Rather than acting individually, the four proteins form a heterotetrameric complex and associate with the SecYEG heterotrimeric complex [ (PUBMED:12068816) ]. The SecF and YajC subunits link the complex to the integral membrane translocase.

In Bacillus subtilis YajC is known as YrbF.

Family alignment:
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There are 15387 YajC domains in 15387 proteins in SMART's nrdb database.

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